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CFDs come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 71% of accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should understand how CFDs work and consider if you can take the risk of losing your money.

CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 71% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

71% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.

Forex Trading

Australian Currency: History and impact in the forex market

Australian currency image

The Australian Dollar (AUD), the official currency of Australia, is not just a medium of exchange within its borders but also a significant player in the global Forex markets. Understanding the AUD is essential for traders, economists, and anyone interested in the dynamics of international finance.

This article offers an in-depth exploration of the AUD's history, the various factors influencing its value, its pivotal role in the Forex trading world, and answers to some common questions.

Australian currency - a brief history

The Australian Dollar was introduced on 14 February 1966, replacing the Australian pound. This change marked a significant shift as Australia moved to decimal currency, streamlining its financial system in line with many other countries. The introduction of the AUD was a major step in the development of Australia's modern financial system, reflecting the country's growing economic independence and stability.

The journey of the Australian Dollar reflects Australia's economic evolution. The AUD's introduction was a landmark event, signifying Australia's departure from its colonial economic past and its emergence as a modern, independent economy. Over the years, the AUD has undergone various changes, including the adoption of polymer banknotes in 1988, a world-first that set a new standard for currency durability and security.

What affects the Australian currency

The value of the Australian Dollar is influenced by a complex interplay of domestic and international factors:

  • Commodity prices: Australia's status as a major exporter of natural resources means that the AUD is often referred to as a "commodity currency." The prices of key exports like iron ore, coal, and agricultural products are closely tied to the currency's strength.
  • Interest rates: Decisions by the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) on interest rates are pivotal. Higher rates can attract foreign capital, boosting the AUD, while rate cuts can have the opposite effect.
  • Global economic conditions: The AUD is sensitive to global trade dynamics and economic policies, especially those of major trading partners like China and the United States. Global economic health, trade wars, and international policy shifts can all impact the AUD's value.
  • Political stability and economic policies: Domestic political events and economic policies can affect investor confidence. Policies that promote economic growth and stability tend to bolster the AUD.

Why is it important to Forex traders?

The Australian Dollar holds a unique position in the Forex market, making it a currency of interest for traders:

  1. High liquidity and accessibility: As one of the most traded currencies, the AUD offers high liquidity, making it easy for traders to enter and exit positions.
  2. Commodity currency dynamics: The AUD's correlation with commodity prices, especially precious metals, offers unique trading opportunities and insights into global commodity markets.
  3. Interest rate differentials and carry trades: The historically higher interest rates in Australia compared to other major economies make the AUD a popular choice for carry trades, where traders borrow in low-interest-rate currencies and invest in higher-yielding ones like the AUD.
  4. Market volatility: The AUD's sensitivity to global economic conditions, especially in Asia-Pacific, can lead to significant price movements, offering profit opportunities for savvy traders.


Q: How does Australia's trade relationship with China affect the AUD?

China is Australia's largest trading partner. Economic developments in China, such as demand for Australian exports, can significantly impact the AUD's value.

Q: Has the AUD ever been pegged to another currency?

Yes, before the adoption of the AUD, the Australian pound was pegged to the British pound, and briefly, the AUD was pegged to the US dollar.

Q: What role does the AUD play in regional economies?

The AUD is a key currency in the Asia-Pacific region, often used in trade transactions and as a reserve currency by some neighboring countries.

Q: How do global crises impact the AUD?

During global financial or geopolitical crises, the AUD can experience heightened volatility, often reacting to shifts in investor risk appetite and global economic outlook.

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Not investment advice. Past performance does not guarantee or predict future performance.